Kajari Purnima is celebrated on the same day of Raksha Bandhan. It is celebrated in some states of Central India like Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Bihar. The festival is significant for farmers and women blessed with son. Kajari Purnima means full moon and it is celebrated on a full moon day in the Hindu month of Shravana which falls in August. Kajari Purnima is an important festival for farmers as this day marks the beginning of the new agricultural season. On this auspicious day, sowing barley and wheat for the next season and is considered to be favourable. And on this day, the farmer community worship Goddess Bhagwati, the goddess of prosperity and prays for her blessings for a good crop. Since the main occupation of the people in these regions is agriculture, Kajari Purnima is of great importance to them.
The Kajari festival is a seven day ritual and starts nine days after the Kajari Amavasya, which is a no moon day. The rituals are performed mostly by women who have given birth to a son. On this day, these women take some mud from a field to sow Kaji (wheat). The soil is then put in conical cups made of leaves that are kept in the inner room of the house, where there is no moisture. Before the soil is kept, the room is washed with cow dung and mud and is decorated with designs made from rice solution. An area of the wall in the room is coated with cow dung solutions, thereafter designs are made like figures of house, a child in cradle, a mongoose and a woman with a pitcher. The theme for these drawings is usually household articles and activities.
After the Kajari Navmi day, the rites and rituals continue till the Kajari Purnima day, which is the full moon day. And the cup is worshipped daily for seven days. As the moon is clearly seen on the Kajari Purnima, women carry out a walk with leaf cups on their heads. Chanting songs of worship, they proceed towards a water body where the cups are finally immersed. And according to the customs, the women have to fast all day on Kajari Purnima. The women also pray for the blessings and well being of their sons. Special pujas (worship rituals) are also observed during these days.
Kajari Purnima in 2012: Thursday, 2nd August
Find out more about Kajari Purnima in the article and the date on which it falls in 2012.